Three Recensions of the Atharvaśiras-Upaniṣad

              Here below each of the three recensions of the Atharvaśiras --- Shankaranda's (S), Narayana's (N), and the Maharashtrian (M) version commonly known as the (Shiva-/Rudra-) Atharvaśiras --- are presented side by side for easy comparison.  In this way, something like a “vulgate” of each recension is preserved intact, using a constituted text based on the collated manuscripts of the respective recensions.  Only a few important variants found in manuscripts within the recension are shown.  Those in square brackets are variants for the immediately preceding word (or words conjoined by vowel sandhi).  Those in parentheses are added words found only in some manuscripts.  Italicization has been used to highlight variations across recensions.  

S Recension 

Italicized portions show variations from the N recension’s text. 

Adhyāya I

1.1   oṃ devā ha vai svargaṃ lokam agamaṃs te devā rudram apṛcchan ko bhavān iti |

1.2   so ‘bravīd aham ekaḥ prathamam āsaṃ vartāmi ca bhaviṣyāmi ca nānyaḥ kaścin matto vyatirikta iti |


1.3   so ‘ntarād antaraṃ prāviśad diśaś cāntaraṃ saṃprāviśat |

1.4   so ‘haṃ nityānityo brahmāhaṃ brahmāhaṃ prāñcaḥ pratyañco ‘haṃ

dakṣiṇāñca udañco ‘ham

(a) adhaś cordhvaṃ ca

(b) diśaś ca vidiśaś cāhaṃ pumān apumān striyaś cāhaṃ

sāvitry ahaṃ gāyatry ahaṃ triṣṭub jagaty anuṣṭup cāhaṃ chando ‘haṃ

 

(c) gārhapatyo ‘haṃ dakṣiṇāgnir āhavanīyo ‘haṃ

(d) satyo ‘haṃ

(e) gaur ahaṃ gaury ahaṃ

(f) jyeṣṭho ‘haṃ śreṣṭho ‘haṃ variṣṭho ‘ham āpo ‘haṃ tejo ‘ham

(g) ṛgyajuḥsāmātharvāṅgiraso ‘ham

(h) akṣaram ahaṃ kṣaram ahaṃ

(i) guhyo ‘ham araṇyo ‘haṃ

(j) puṣkaram ahaṃ pavitram aham

(k) agraṃ ca madhyaṃ ca bahiś ca

(l) purastād (daśasu dikṣv avasthitam anavasthitaṃ ca S2-4,7-8, T2) jyotir ity aham ekaḥ sarve ca mām eva (ca S2,8; T2) |

1.5   māṃ yo veda sa sarvān devān veda gāṃ gobhir brāhmaṇān brāhmaṇyena havīṃṣi haviṣāyur āyuṣā satyaṃ satyena dharmaṃ dharmeṇa tarpayāmi svena tejasā |

 

1.6   tato devā rudraṃ nāpaśyaṃs te devā rudraṃ dhyāyanti tato devā ūrdhvabāhavaḥ stunvanti

 

 

Adhyāya 2

 

See Appendix.

 

Adhyāya 3

 

3.1   brahmaikaṃ tvaṃ dvitridhordhvam adhaś ca tvaṃ śāntiś ca tvaṃ puṣṭiś ca tvaṃ [tuṣṭiś ca tvaṃ S1-5,8; T] hutam ahutaṃ viśvam aviśvaṃ dattam adattaṃ kṛtam akṛtaṃ param aparaṃ parāyaṇaṃ ceti |

3.2       apāma somam amṛtā abhūmāganma jyotir avidāma devān |

kiṃ nūnam asmān kṛṇavad arātiḥ   kim u dhūrtir amṛta martyasya || 

3.3   sarvajagaddhitaṃ vā etad akṣaraṃ prājāpatyaṃ sūkṣmaṃ saumyaṃ puruṣam agrāhyam agrāhyeṇa vāyuṃ vāyavyena somaṃ saumyena grasati svena tejasā tasmā (tasmād S7) upasaṃhartre mahāgrāsāya vai namo namaḥ |

 

3.4       hṛdisthā devatāḥ sarvā   hṛdi prāṇāḥ[1] pratiṣṭhitāḥ |

hṛdi tvam asi yo nityaṃ   tisro mātrāḥ paras tu saḥ ||

3.5   tasyottarataḥ śiro dakṣiṇataḥ pādo ya uttarataḥ sa oṃkāro ya oṃkāraḥ sa praṇavo yaḥ praṇavaḥ sa sarvavyāpī yaḥ sarvavyāpī so ‘nanto yo ‘nantas tat tāraṃ yat tāraṃ tat sūkṣmaṃ yat sūkṣmaṃ tac chuklaṃ yac chuklaṃ tad vaidyutaṃ yad vaidyutaṃ tat paraṃ brahmeti | sa ekaḥ sa eko rudraḥ sa īśānaḥ sa bhagavān sa maheśvaraḥ sa mahādevaḥ |

 

Adhyāya 4

 

4.1   atha kasmād ucyata oṃkāro yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva sarvaṃ śarīram ūrdhvam unnāmayati tasmād ucyata oṃkāraḥ |

4.2   atha kasmād ucyate praṇavo yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva ṛco yajūṃṣi sāmāny atharvāṅgirasaś ca yajñe brahma brāhmaṇebhyaḥ praṇāmayati tasmād ucyate praṇavaḥ |

4.3   atha kasmād ucyate sarvavyāpī yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva sarvāl lokān vyāpnoti sneho yathā palalapiṇḍaṃ śāntamūlam otaprotam anuprāpya vyatiśiṣṭas tasmād ucyate sarvavyāpī |

4.4   atha kasmād ucyate ‘nanto yasmād uccāryamāṇa evādyantaṃ nopalabhyate tiryag ūrdhvam adhastāt tasmād ucyate ‘nantaḥ |

 

4.5   atha kasmād ucyate tāraṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva garbhajanmajarāmaraṇasaṃsāra-
mahad
bhayāt tārayati tasmād ucyate tāram |

4.6   atha kasmād ucyate sūkṣmaṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva sūkṣmo bhūtvā paraśarīrāṇy evādhitiṣṭhati tasmād ucyate sūkṣmam |

4.7   atha kasmād ucyate śuklaṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva klandate klāmayate tasmād ucyate śuklam |

 

 

4.8   atha kasmād ucyate vaidyutaṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa evātimahati tamasi sarvaṃ śarīraṃ vidyotayati tasmād ucyate vaidyutam |

4.9   atha kasmād ucyate paraṃ brahma yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva bṛhati bṛṃhayati tasmād ucyate paraṃ brahma |

 

4.10   atha kasmād ucyata eko yaḥ sarvāl lokān udgṛhṇāty ajasraṃ sṛjati visṛjati vāsayati tasmād ucyata ekaḥ |

 

 

 

 

s4.11   atha kasmād ucyata eko rudraḥ |

eko rudro na dvitīyāya tasthur

ya imaṃ lokaṃ [imān lokān S7] īśata īśanīyuḥ (jananīyuḥ S1-3,5-7, T1-2) |

pratyaṅ janās tiṣṭhati saṃcukocāntakāle [S7; saṃyugasyāṃtakāle S1-6, T1-2]

saṃhṛtya viśvā bhuvanāni goptā ||

tasmād ucyata eko rudraḥ |

4.12   atha kasmād ucyata īśāno yaḥ sarvāl lokān īśata īśanībhir jananībhi [om. S7] paramaśaktibhiḥ [śaktibhiḥ S2; om. S7]

abhi tvā śūra nonumo   ‘dugdhā iva dhenavaḥ |

īśānam asya jagataḥ suvardṛśam   īśānam indra tasthuṣaḥ ||

tasmād ucyata īśānaḥ |

s4.13a   atha kasmād ucyate bhagavān yaḥ sarvān bhāvān īkṣaty ātmajñānaṃ nirīkṣayati yogaṃ gamayati tasmād ucyate bhagavān |

s4.13b   atha kasmād ucyate maheśvaro yaḥ sarvāl lokān saṃbhakṣaḥ saṃbhakṣayaty ajasraṃ sṛjati visṛjati vāsayati tasmād ucyate maheśvaraḥ |

s4.13c   atha kasmād ucyate mahādevo yaḥ sarvān bhāvān parityajyātmajñānayogaiśvarye mahati mahīyate tasmād ucyate mahādevaḥ | tad etad rudracaritam |

 

Adhyāya 5

 

5.1       eṣo hi devaḥ pradiśo ‘nu sarvāḥ   pūrvo hi jātaḥ sa u garbhe antaḥ |

sa eva jātaḥ sa janiṣyamāṇaḥ   pratyaṅ janās tiṣṭhati viśvatomukhaḥ [sarvato- S6] ||

s5.1a    viśvataścakṣur uta viśvatomukho

viśvatobāhur uta viśvataspāt |

saṃ bāhubhyāṃ dhamati saṃ patatrair

dyāvābhūmī janayan deva ekaḥ ||

n5.1a   See s4.11.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n5.1b   See 5.4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n5.1c-h   om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.2       tad etad upāsitavyaṃ †vāg vadanti tadaṃtu grahaṇam† | ayaṃ panthā vitata uttareṇa yena devā yena rṣayo yena pitaraḥ prāpnuvanti param aparaṃ parāyaṇaṃ ceti |

5.3       vālāgramātraṃ hṛdayasya madhye  

viśvaṃ devaṃ jātavedaṃ vareṇyam |

tam ātmasthaṃ ye ‘nu paśyanti dhīrās

teṣāṃ śāntiḥ śāśvatī netareṣām ||

5.4       yo yoniṃ-yonim adhitiṣṭhaty eko  

yenedaṃ pañcavidhaṃ ca sarvam |

tam īśānaṃ puruṣaṃ devam īḍyaṃ  

ni(di)dhyāyāt tāraṃ śāntim atyantam eti ||

5.5       prāṇeṣv antar manaso liṅgam āhur

yasmin krodho yā ca tṛṣṇā kṣamā ca |

tṛṣṇāṃ chittvā hetujālasya mūlaṃ

buddhyā saṃci(n)tya sthāpayitvā tu rudre ||

rudra ekatvam āhuḥ |

5.6   rudraṃ śāśvataṃ vai purāṇam iṣam ūrjaṃ tapasā niyacchata | vratam etat pāśupatam |

5.7   agnir iti bhasma vāyur iti bhasma jalam iti bhasma sthalam iti bhasma vyometi bhasma sarvaṃ ha vā idaṃ bhasma | mana etāni cakṣūṃṣi bhasmāny agnir ityādinā bhasma gṛhītvā vimṛjyāṅgāni saṃspṛśet tasmād vratam etat pāśupataṃ paśupāśavimokṣāya |

 

 

 

 

Adhyāya 6 (7 in N): Phalaśruti

 

6.1   yo ‘tharvaśira(sa)ṃ brāhmaṇo ‘dhīte

 

 

so ‘gnipūto bhavati

sa vāyupūto bhavati

sa ādityapūto bhavati

 

sa somapūto bhavati

sa satyapūto bhavati

sa sarvapūto bhavati

(a) sa sarveṣu tīrtheṣu snāto bhavati

(b) sa sarveṣu vedeṣv adhīto bhavati

sarvavedavratacaryāsu carito bhavati

(c) sa sarvair devair jñāto bhavati

sa sarvayajñakratubhir iṣṭavān bhavati 

(a) tenetihāsapurāṇānāṃ rudrāṇāṃ śatasahasrāṇi japtāni bhavanti 

(b) gāyatryāḥ śatasahasraṃ japtaṃ bhavati

(c) praṇavānām ayutaṃ japtaṃ bhavati 

rūpe rūpe daśa pūrvān punāti daśottarān ā cakṣuṣaḥ paṅktiṃ punātīty āha bhagavān atharvaṇaśiro atharvaśiraḥ |

6.2   sakṛj japtvā śuciḥ pūtaḥ karmaṇyo bhavati

dvitīyaṃ japtvā gāṇāpatyam avāpnoti

tṛtīyaṃ japtvā devam evānupraviśatīty oṃ satyam |

 

 

Adhyāya 7 (6 in N)

 

7.1       yo rudro agnau yo apsv antar   ya oṣadhīr vīrudha āviveśa |

ya imā viśvā bhuvanāni cākḷpe   tasmai rudrāya namo astv adya ||

n7.1a-b   om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.2       mūrdhānam asya saṃśīryo ‘tharvā hṛdayaṃ ca yat |

mastiṣkād ūrdhvaṃ prerayan [prerayat S3,6]   pavamāno ‘tha śīrṣṇaḥ ||

7.3       tad vā atharvaṇaḥ śiro   devakośaḥ samubjitaḥ [samujjitaḥ/samutthitaḥ] |

tat prāṇo abhi rakṣatu    śriyam annam atho manaḥ ||

s7.3a    śriyam annam atho mano

vidyām annam atho mano vidyām annam atho mano

mokṣam annam atho mano mokṣam annam atho manaḥ |

n7.3a-c   om.



[1] prāṇāḥ: S5, T1, N; prāṇe: S1, S2, S3, S4, S7, S8, T2, M.

 

N  Recension

Italicized portions are absent from or different in the S recension’s text. 

Adhyāya 1

1.1   oṃ devā ha vai svargaṃ lokam āyaṃs te devā [om. N1-5] rudram apṛcchan ko bhavān iti | [AL 1]

1.2   so ‘bravīd aham ekaḥ prathamam āsīd vartāmi ca bhaviṣyāmi ca nānyaḥ kaścin matto vyatirikta iti |


1.3   so ‘ntarād antaraṃ prāviśad diśaś cāntaraṃ prāviśat | [AL 3]

1.4   so ‘haṃ nityānityo brahmābrahmāhaṃ prāñcaḥ pratyañco ‘haṃ

dakṣiṇāñca udañco ‘ham

(a) adhaś cordhvaś ca

(b) diśaś ca pradiśaś cāhaṃ pumān apumān striyaś cāhaṃ

sāvitry ahaṃ gāyatry ahaṃ triṣṭub jagaty anuṣṭup cāhaṃ chando ‘haṃ

(d) satyo ‘haṃ

(c) gārhapatyo dakṣiṇāgnir āhavanīyo ‘haṃ

(e) gaur ahaṃ gaury ahaṃ

(g) ṛg ahaṃ yajur ahaṃ sāmāham atharvāṅgiraso ‘ham

(f) jyeṣṭho ‘haṃ śreṣṭho ‘haṃ variṣṭho ‘ham āpo ‘haṃ tejo ‘ham

(i) guhyo ‘ham araṇyo ‘haṃ

(h) akṣaram ahaṃ kṣaram ahaṃ

(j) puṣkaram ahaṃ pavitram aham

(k) ugraṃ ca bahiś [baliś N2,4-6] ca

(l) purastāj jyotir ity aham ekaḥ sarvebhyo mām eva sa sarve samā |

 

1.5   yo māṃ veda sa devān veda sarvāṃś ca vedān sāṅgān api brahma brāhmaṇaiś ca gāṃ gobhir brāhmaṇān brahmaṇyena havir haviṣāyur āyuṣā satyena satyaṃ dharmeṇa dharmaṃ tarpayāmi svena tejasā |

1.6   tato ha vai te devā rudram apṛcchaṃs [te devā rudram apaśyaṃs][1] te devā rudram adhyāyaṃs te devā ūrdhvabāhavo rudraṃ[2]stunvanti |

 

Adhyāya 2

 

            See Appendix.

 

Adhyāya 3

 

3.1   brahmaikas tvaṃ dvidhā tridhā baddhas [buddhis N2,3,6] tvaṃ śāntis tvaṃ puṣṭis tvaṃ (tuṣṭis tvaṃ N5) hutam ahutaṃ dattam adattaṃ sarvam asarvaṃ viśvam aviśvaṃ kṛtam akṛtaṃ param aparaṃ parāyaṇaṃ ca (tvam N1-3,6) | [AL 40]

3.2       apāma somam amṛtā abhūmāganma jyotir avidāma devān |

kiṃ nūnam asmān kṛṇavad arātiḥ   kim u dhūrtir amṛta martyasya || [AL 41]

3.3   somasūryaḥ purastāt sūkṣmaḥ puruṣaḥ sarvaṃ jagaddhitaṃ vā etad akṣaraṃ prājāpatyaṃ saumyaṃ sūkṣmaṃ puruṣam grāhyam agrāhyeṇa bhāvaṃ bhāvena saumyaṃ saumyena sūkṣmaṃ sūkṣmeṇa vāyavyaṃ vāyavyena grasati tasmai mahāgrāsāya vai namo namaḥ |

3.4       hṛdisthā devatāḥ sarvā   hṛdi prāṇāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ |

hṛdi tvam asi yo nityaṃ   tisro mātrāḥ paras tu saḥ ||

3.5   tasyottarataḥ śiro dakṣiṇataḥ pādau ya uttarataḥ sa oṃkāro ya oṃkāraḥ sa praṇavo yaḥ praṇavaḥ sa sarvavyāpī yaḥ sarvavyāpī so ‘nanto yo ‘nantas tat tāraṃ yat tāraṃ tac chuklaṃ yac chuklaṃ tat sūkṣmaṃ yat sūkṣmaṃ tad vaidyutaṃ yad vaidyutaṃ tat paraṃ brahma yat paraṃ brahma sa ekaḥ ya ekaḥ sa rudraḥ yo rudraḥ sa īśānaḥ ya īśānaḥ sa bhagavān maheśvaraḥ |

 

Adhyāya 4

 

4.1   atha kasmād ucyata oṃkāro yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva prāṇān [N1-2; prāṇād N4-5] ūrdhvam utkrāmayati tasmād ucyata oṃkāraḥ |

4.2   atha kasmād ucyate praṇavo yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva ṛgyajuḥsāmātharvāṅgiraso brahma brāhmaṇebhyaḥ praṇāmayati nāmayati [om. N2] (ca N1,3) tasmād ucyate praṇavaḥ |

4.3   atha kasmād ucyate sarvavyāpī yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva yathā snehena palalapiṇḍaṃ śāntarūpam otaṃ protam anuprāpto vyatiṣaktaś ca tasmād ucyate sarvavyāpī |

 

4.4   atha kasmād ucyate ‘nanto yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva tiryag ūrdhvam adhastāc cāsyānto nopalabhyate tasmād ucyate ‘nantaḥ | [AL 48]

4.5   atha kasmād ucyate tāraṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva garbhajanmavyādhijarāmaraṇasaṃsāra-
mahā
bhayāt tārayati trāyate tasmād ucyate tāram |

4.7   atha kasmād ucyate śuklaṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva klandate klāmayate tasmād ucyate śuklam |

 

4.6   atha kasmād ucyate sūkṣmaṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva sūkṣmo bhūtvā śarīrāṇy adhitiṣṭhati sarvāṇi cāṅgāny abhimṛśati [abhispṛśati N5-6] tasmād ucyate sūkṣmam |

4.8   atha kasmād ucyate vaidyutaṃ yasmād uccāryamāṇa evāvyakte mahati tamasi sarvaṃ śarīraṃ dyotayati tasmād ucyate vaidyutam |

4.9   atha kasmād ucyate paraṃ brahma yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva param aparaṃ parāyaṇaṃ ca bṛhad bṛhatyā bṛṃhayati tasmād ucyate paraṃ brahma |

4.10   atha kasmād ucyata eko yaḥ sarvān prāṇān saṃbhakṣya saṃbhakṣaṇenājaḥ saṃsṛjati visṛjati ca tīrtham eke vrajanti tīrtham eke dakṣiṇāḥ pratyañca udañcaḥ prāñco ‘bhivrajanty eke teṣāṃ sarveṣām iha saṃgatiḥ sākaṃ sa eko bhūtaś carati prajānaṃs tasmād ucyata ekaḥ |

n4.11   atha kasmād ucyate rudro yasmād ṛṣibhir nānyair bhaktair drutam asya rūpam upalabhyate tasmād ucyate rudro |

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.12   atha kasmād ucyata īśāno yaḥ sarvāl lokān īśata īśanībhir jananībhiḥ śaktibhiḥ [AL 56]

abhi tvā śūra nonumo   ‘dugdhā iva dhenavaḥ |

īśānam asya jagataḥ suvardṛśam   īśānam indra tasthuṣaḥ ||

tasmād ucyata īśānaḥ |

 

n4.13   atha kasmād ucyate bhagavān maheśvaro yasmād bhaktā jñānena bhajaty anugṛhṇāti ca vācaṃ sṛjati visṛjati ca yaḥ sarvān bhāvān parityajyātmajñānena yogaiśvarye mahati mahīyate tasmād ucyate bhagavān maheśvaras tad etad rudracaritam |

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adhyāya 5

 

5.1       eko [eṣo N3] ha [hi N1] devaḥ pradiśo ‘nu sarvāḥ   pūrvo ha [hi N6] jātaḥ sa u garbhe antaḥ |

sa eva jātaḥ sa janiṣyamāṇaḥ   pratyaṅ janās tiṣṭhati sarvatomukhaḥ ||

s5.1a    om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n5.1a   eko rudro na dvitīyāya tasthau

ya imāṃl lokān īśata īśanībhiḥ |

pratyaṅ janās tiṣṭhati saṃcukocāntakāle

saṃsṛjya viśvā bhuvanāni goptā ||  (At s4.11 in S recension.)

n5.1b   yo yoniṃ-yonim adhitiṣṭhaty eko  

yenedaṃ saṃ ca vi carati [sarvaṃ viracati N4-5] sarvam |

tam īśānaṃ varadaṃ devam īḍyaṃ  

nicāyyemāṃ śāntim atyantam eti ||  (At 5.4 in S recension.)

n5.1c                                                                           kṣamāṃ hitvā

hetujālasya mūlaṃ buddhyā   saṃcitaṃ sthāpayitvā tu rudre |

rudram ekatvam āhuḥ |

(rudro hi N3,6) śāśvataṃ vai purāṇam iṣam ūrjena |

n5.1d   paśavo ‘nu nāmayantaṃ mṛtyupāśān | tad etenātmann etenārdhacaturthamātreṇa śāntiṃ saṃsṛjati (paśu- N4-5) pāśavimokṣaṇam |

n5.1e   yā sā prathamā mātrā brahmadevatyā raktā varṇena yas tāṃ dhyāyate nityaṃ sa gacched brāhmyaṃ padam |

n5.1f   yā sā dvitīyā mātrā viṣṇudevatyā kṛṣṇā varṇena yas tāṃ dhyāyate nityaṃ sa gacched vaiṣṇavaṃ padam |

n5.1g   yā sā tṛtīyā mātreśānadevatyā kapilā varṇena yas tāṃ dhyāyate nityaṃ sa gacched aiśānaṃ padam |

n5.1h   yā sārdhacaturthī mātrā sarvadevatyā vyaktībhūtā khaṃ vicarati śuddhasphaṭikasaṃnibhā varṇena yas tāṃ dhyāyate nityaṃ sa gacchet padam anāmakaṃ [padmanāmakam N1,3] |

5.2       tad etad upāsīta munayo †vāg vadanti na tasya grahaṇam† | ayaṃ panthā vihita uttareṇa yena devā yanti yena pitaraḥ yena rṣayo param aparaṃ parāyaṇaṃ ceti |

5.3       vālāgramātraṃ hṛdayasya madhye  

viśvaṃ devaṃ jātarūpaṃ vareṇyam |

tam ātmasthaṃ ye ‘nu paśyanti dhīrās

teṣāṃ śāntiḥ bhavati netareṣām ||

5.4       (At n5.1b above in N recension.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.5      

 

yasmin krodhaṃ yā( N4,6) ca tṛṣṇāṃ kṣamāṃ ca |

tṛṣṇāṃ chittvā hetujālasya mūlaṃ

buddhyā saṃcitaṃ sthāpayitvā tu rudre ||

rudram ekatvam āhuḥ |

 

5.6   rudro hi śāśvatena vai purāṇeneṣam ūrjena tapasā niyantā |

 

5.7   agnir iti bhasma vāyur iti bhasma jalam iti bhasma sthalam iti bhasma vyometi bhasma sarvaṃ ha vā idaṃ bhasma | mana etāni cakṣūṃṣi yasmād vratam idaṃ pāśupataṃ yad bhasmanāṅgāni saṃspṛśet tasmād brahma tad etat pāśupataṃ paśupāśavimokṣāya [-kṣaṇāya N1,3,4,6] |

 

            Inserts Adhyāya 7 here.

 

Adhyāya 6 (7 in N): Phalaśruti

 

6.1   ya idam atharvaśīrṣaṃ brāhmaṇo ‘dhīte

‘śrotriyaḥ śrotriyo bhavaty anupanīta upanīto bhavati

so ‘gnipūto bhavati

sa vāyupūto bhavati

sa sūryapūto bhavati

 

sa somapūto bhavati

 

 

(a) sarvais tīrthaisnāto bhavati

(c) sarvair devair jñāto bhavati

(b) sarvair vedaiḥ paṭhito bhavati 

 

 

sarvair yajñaiḥ kratubhir iṣṭaṃ bhavati 

 

(b) gāyatryāḥ ṣaṣṭisahasrāṇi japtāni bhavanti

(a) itihāsapurāṇānāṃ rudrāṇāṃ daśasahasrāṇi japtāni bhavanti 

(c) praṇavānām ayutaṃ japtaṃ bhavati 

ā cakṣuṣaḥ paṅktiṃ punāty ā saptamāt puruṣayugāt punātīty āha bhagavān atharvaśiraḥ |

 

 

6.2   sakṛj japtvaiva śuciḥ pūtaḥ karmaṇyo bhavati

dvitīyaṃ japtvā gaṇādhipatyam avāpnoti

tṛtīyaṃ japtvaivam evānupraviśaty [evānupaśyaty N2,5 / -paśaty N4/ -viśaty N3] oṃ so satyam |

 

Adhyāya 7 (6 in N)

 

7.1       yo agnau rudro yo apsv antar   ya oṣadhīr vīrudha āviveśa |

ya imā viśvā bhuvanāni cākḷpe   tasmai rudrāya namo astv agnaye ||

n7.1a   yo rudro agnau yo rudra   oṣadhīr vīrudha āviveśa |

yo rudra imā viśvā bhuvanāni cākḷpe   tasmai rudrāya vai namo namaḥ ||

n7.1b   yo rudro apsu yo rudra oṣadhīṣu yo vanaspatīṣu

yena rudreṇa jagad ūrdhvaṃ dhāritaṃ pṛthivī |

dvidhā tridhā dhartā dhāritā nāgā ye ‘ntarikṣe

tasmai rudrāya vai namo namaḥ ||

 

7.2       mūrdhānam asya saṃsīvyātharvā hṛdayaṃ ca yat |

mastiṣkād ūrdhvaḥ prerayat   pavamāno ‘dhi śīrṣataḥ ||

 

7.3       tad vā atharvaṇaḥ śiro   devakośaḥ samubjitaḥ |

tat prāṇo abhi rakṣati    śiro annam atho manaḥ ||

 

 

 

 

 

 

n7.3a   nava divo devajanena guptā  

navāntarikṣāṇi nava bhūma imāḥ |

yasminn idaṃ sarvam otaprotaṃ  

yasmād anyaṃ na paraṃ kiṃcanāsti ||

n7.3b   na tasmāt pūrvaṃ na paraṃ tad asti

na bhūtaṃ nota bhavyaṃ yad āsīt |

sahasrapād ekamūrdhā vyāptaṃ

sa evedam ā varīvartti bhūtaṃ ||

n7.3c   akṣarāt saṃjāyate kālaḥ kālād vyāpaka ucyate | vyāpako hi bhagavān rudro bhogāyamāno yadā śete rudras tadā saṃhāryate prajāḥ | ucchvasite tamo bhavati tamasa āpo apsv aṅgulyā mathite mathitaṃ śiśire śiśiraṃ mathyamānaṃ pheno bhavati | phenād aṇḍaṃ bhavaty aṇḍād brahmā bhavati brahmaṇo vāyur vāyor oṃkāra oṃkārāt sāvitrī sāvitryā gāyatrī gāyatryā lokā bhavanti | arcayanti tapaḥ satyaṃ madhu kṣaranti yad dhruvaṃ | etad dhi paramaṃ tapa po jyótī ráso ‘mtaṃ bráhma bhr bhúvaḥ svàr oṃ náma iti |

 

Concludes with Adhyāya 6 (Phalaśruti).


[1] apaśyaṃs comes first in N1, N6; te devā rudram apaśyaṃs is absent in N2, N4, N5; deleted in N3.

[2] S7 reads has rudraṃ here too.

 

M Recension

Italicized portions show variations from the N recension’s text.

Adhyāya 1

1.1   oṃ devā ha vai svargaṃ lokam āyaṃs te devā rudram apṛcchan ko bhavān iti |

1.2   so ‘bravīd aham ekaḥ prathamam āsīd vartāmi ca bhaviṣyāmi ca nānyaḥ kaścin matto vyatirikta iti |

.3   so ‘nantarāntaraṃ prāviśet tadauṣadhiṃ prāviśet |

1.4   so ‘haṃ nityānityo brahmāhaṃ brahmāhaṃ prāñcaḥ pratyañcāhaṃ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c) dakṣiṇāgnir gārhapatyaś cāhavanīyo ‘haṃ

(i) guhyo ‘ham araṇyo ‘haṃ

 

(f) jyeṣṭho ‘haṃ śreṣṭho ‘haṃ variṣṭho ‘ham

(g) ṛg ahaṃ yajur ahaṃ sāmāham

 

(h) akṣaram ahaṃ

 

(j) puṣkaram aham

(k) agriyaṃ ca

(a) adhaś cordhvaṃ ca

(l) purastāj jyotir ity aham ekaḥ sarve ca mām | evaṃ māṃ

1.5   yo māṃ vetti sa vedān vetti sāṅgān iti brahmaṇyā brāhmaṇyo ‘haṃ haviṣyaṃ haviṣyeṇa satyaṃ satyena dharmaṃ dharmeṇa tarpayāmi yat svena tejasā |

 

1.6   ato devā ūrdhvabāhavo rudraṃ stunvanti |

 

 

 

Adhyāya 2

 

See Appendix.

 

Adhyāya 3

 

3.1   brahmā ekas tvaṃ hutam ahutaṃ viśvam aviśvaṃ paramaparāyaṇaṃ tatvaṃ |

5.3ab   vālāgramātraṃ hṛdayasya madhye  

viśvaṃ devaṃ jyotirūpaṃ vareṇyam |

5.4cd   tam īśānaṃ varadaṃ devam īḍyaṃ  

nicāyyemāṃ śāntam atyantam eti ||

3.2   om.

3.3   om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.4       hṛdisthā devatāḥ sarvā   hṛdi prāṇe pratiṣṭhitāḥ |

hṛdistham adhi yo nityaṃ   tisro mātrāḥ parāṃ gatiṃ ||

3.5   tasyottarataḥ śiro dakṣiṇataḥ pādo yottarataḥ sa oṃkāro ya oṃkāraḥ sa praṇavo yaḥ praṇavaḥ sa sarvavyāpī yaḥ sarvavyāpī so ‘nanto yo ‘nantas tat tāraṃ yat tāraṃ tac chuklaṃ yac chuklaṃ tad vaidyutaṃ yad vaidyutaṃ tat paraṃ brahmeti | sa ekaḥ sa īśānaḥ sa rudraḥ sa bhagavān maheśvaraḥ śaṅkaraḥ |

 

 

 

Adhyāya 4

 

4.1   atha kasmād ucyata oṃkāro yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva prāṇād ūrdhvam unnāmayate tasmād ucyata oṃkāraḥ |

4.2   atha kasmād ucyate praṇavo yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva ṛco yajūṃṣi sāmā brahma praṇāmayate tasmād ucyate praṇavaḥ |

 

 

4.3   atha kasmād ucyate sarvavyāpī yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sneho yad vartilapiṇḍaṃ tasmād ucyate sarvavyāpī |

 

 

4.4   atha kasmād ucyate ‘nanto yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva yasyaivāṃtan nopalabhyate tiryag ūrdhvaṃ adhas tasmād ucyate ‘nantaḥ |

4.5   atha kasmād ucyate tāro yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva garbhajanmajarāmaraṇa-
mṛtyubhayāt tārayate tasmād ucyate tāraḥ |

 

4.6   om.

 

 

 

4.7   atha kasmād ucyate śuklo yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvān lokān śuddhān śuklān karoti tasmād ucyate śuklaḥ |

 

4.8   atha kasmād ucyate vaidyuto yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva || avyaktamātraṃ maha[d] dyotayate tasmād ucyate vaidyutaḥ |

4.9   atha kasmād ucyate paraṃ brahma yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvān lokān bṛhati [S] bṛṃhayate tasmād ucyate paraṃ brahma |

 

4.10   atha kasmād ucyata eko yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvāl lokān [S] saṃbhakṣya saṃsṛjya visṛjyate tasmād ucyata ekaḥ |

 

 

 

 

4.11   om., replaced by m4.12a below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.12   atha kasmād ucyata īśāno yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvair lokair īśata īśanebhir

(verse omitted)

tasmād ucyata īśānaḥ |

 

m4.12a   atha kasmād ucyate rudro yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvān lokān rudayati rodayate tasmād ucyate rudraḥ  |

m4.13a   atha kasmād ucyate bhagavo yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvān lokān bhagati bhagīyate tasmād ucyate bhagavaḥ |

m4.13b   atha kasmād ucyate maheśvaro yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvāl lokān mahati mahīyate tasmād ucyate maheśvaraḥ |

 

m4.13c   atha kasmād ucyate śaṃkaro yasmād uccāryamāṇam eva sarvān lokān sahati sahīyate tasmād ucyate śaṃkaraḥ | tad etad rudracaritam |

 

 

Adhyāya 5

 

5.1       eko hi [ha M4] devaḥ pradiśo ‘nu sarvāḥ   pūrvo hi [ha M4] jātaḥ sa u garbhe antaḥ |

sa (vi)jāyamānaḥ sa janiṣyamāṇaḥ   pratyaṅ janās tiṣṭhati śaṃtako śāṃtakāre ||

s5.1a    om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n5.1a-h            om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.2       om.

 

 

 

 

5.3-4    See  above, after 3.1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.5   om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.6   om.

 

 

5.7   agnir iti bhasma vāyur iti bhasma jalam iti bhasma sthalam iti bhasma vyometi bhasma sarvaṃ ha vā idaṃ bhasma | tasmād brahma tam etat || pāśupatiṃ bhasmanā saṃspṛśet tasmād brahma tam etat [M3, M4; om. M1, M2] pāśupatiṃ paśupāśavimokṣāya |

 

 

 

 

Adhyāya 6 (7 in N): Phalaśruti

 

6.1   ya idam atharvaśīrṣaṃ [-śiraṃ M3] brāhmaṇo ‘dhīte

 

 

so ‘gnipūto bhavati

sa vāyupūto bhavati

sa sūryapūto bhavati (M3, M4 place this after: sa somapūto bhavati)

sa somapūto bhavati

 

 

(a) sarvais tīrthaisnāto bhavati

(c) sarvair devair jñāto bhavati

(b) sarvair vedaiḥ paṭhito bhavati 

 

 

sarvair yajñaiḥ kratubhir iṣṭaṃ bhavati 

(b) gāyatryāḥ ṣaṣṭisahasrāṇi japtāni bhavanti

(a) itihāsapurāṇānāṃ rudrāṇāṃ daśasahasrāṇi japtāni bhavanti 

(c) praṇavānām ayutaṃ japtaṃ bhavati 

ity āha bhagavān atharveśaḥ |

 

 

 

6.2   om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adhyāya 7 (6 in N)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m7.1   yo rudro yena jagad ūrdhvaṃ pṛthivī ca dṛhādhṛtā | yena yena saṃsthāpayet | nāgāṃtarikṣaṃ | tasmai rudrāya namo namas tasmai rudrāya namo namaḥ | namo rudrāya sahasramūrtaye | sahasrapādākṣiśirorubāhave | tasmai rudrāya namo namas tasmai rudrāya namo nama iti |

7.2-n7.3c   om.