Fall 2015 -- History 224 -- Professor Patch

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THE KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT

signed in Paris, August 27, 1928,

proposed by U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg and President Calvin Coolidge,

with active support from Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann:

ARTICLE 1:

The High Contracting Parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it, as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another.

ARTICLE 2:

The High Contracting Parties agree that the settlement or solution of all disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them, shall never be sought except by pacific means.

ARTICLE 3:

…The Treaty shall remain open as long as may be necessary for adherence by all the other Powers of the world.

 

RATIFIED BY THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES IN 1928/29:

Afghanistan

Albania

Austria

Bulgaria

China

Cuba

Denmark

Dominican Republic

Egypt

Estonia

Ethiopia

Finland

France

Germany

Guatemala

Hungary

Iceland

Latvia

Liberia

Lithuania

Netherlands

Nicaragua

Norway

Panama

Peru

Portugal

Rumania

Russia

Yugoslavia

Siam

Spain

Sweden

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

[Kellogg won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929.]

SOURCE: http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/kbpact.htm